Through the Sixth State Reform the security architecture of the Brussels Region has been redesigned. Without having to change the powers and prerogatives of the different levels of power (federal or local), the main result of the Reform is that important prevention and security responsibilities are entrusted to the Brussels Region.
In order to carry out its tasks, the government of the Brussels-Capital Region decided to create a new public interest body (PIB) called: Brussels–Prevention & Security (BPS) created by the Order of 28 May 2015 (published in the Belgian Official Gazette of 10/06/2015).
At regional level, the creation of BPS must permit the organisation of a centralised and overarching administration of security in Brussels as well as the development of a regional security policy equally based on devolved federal powers and on regional powers.
BPS plays a central role in coordinating the various regional prevention and security chain operators: it ensures consistency and complementarity by connecting them in areas for action such as civilian crisis management (police districts and civil protection), support to police training (Actiris, VDAB, Bruxelles Formation) and video protection (police districts, STIB, Mobiris, BRIC).
These policies aim both prevention and care of security matters in any broad spectrum field, in terms of both spatial planning, mobility or any other power affecting security and the sense of security in the Brussels Region.
BPS comes under the direct authority of the Minister-President. The body’s day-to-day running is carried on by a Civil Servant Director and an Assistant Civil Servant Director who are appointed by the government. These representatives are put in office in order to support the authorities and execute decisions.
Another consequence of the Reform is the abolition of the post of Governor, henceforth bearing the title of “Senior Official”. The latter carries out some civil protection and emergency planning tasks of the metropolitan district under the law or according to regulations adopted by the regional government or tasks entrusted by the Minister-President. The exercise of such powers is therefore very specific and is unlike any other region of the country.
In practice, the Senior Official organises and coordinates in close cooperation with the emergency and intervention services the drafting of the emergency plans, including specific action(s) sheets for each situation, the preparation of exercises during which the players test the foreseen measures and put the finishing touches to their automatisms or the development of preventive measures during major events. In an emergency situation the Senior Official is the authority responsible for the coordination of relief operations and plays a major part in crisis management.
As a body centralising the fields concerned, Brussels–Prevention & Security has been entrusted with the drafting of the Global Security and Prevention Plan (GSPP) and coordinates its implementation by giving to the empowered authorities an account of the measures carried out.